When we speak about Islam we have to consider that this is not a monolithic reality but it is marked by deep differences.They are: national; cultural, in fact the Sub-Saharan Islam is different from the Islam we find in India or in the countries of the Middle East; there are diversities among the language the Muslims use, not all of them speak Arabic that is the official language of the religion, in Iran they speak Persian, in Turkey they speak Turkish and in India they don’t have Arabic as official language. There are also differences between the Sunni, the Shiites and the other religious groups.
An expert in religious issues made a reflection that made me think very much about the argument I am talking about. She said: “an expert in canon Low can write about the Catholic Church, a professor of Jewish law can write about Hebraism and so one, but everybody can write about Islam!”
If we start to think where and when we heard all the opinions about this religion we will find this true. Many programs say fail things, we hear fragmented news that confuse us, sometimes we don’t know who is giving this new we just acknowledge them.
One day I talked to a Norwegian family and when we discussed about Muslims they told me that all of them were like Taliban, were mistreating their wife and their daughters, they had their single story about Islam and I wasn’t able to make them change their point of view.
This, like many others, is a clear example of how we use stereotypes to understand the world. But when we use them, we do it because we don’t really know the argument we are hearing or talking about with other people, and we use our previous knowledge to get explanations of the phenomenon to our interlocutors or to ourselves.